One of the renowned scientists of India, Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose celebrates his birthday today, 30th of November 1858. Having given innumerable contributions in the field of plant science, investigation of radio and microwave optics, he was named the Father of Radio Science by IEEE. Here are certain facts you must know about Jagdish Chandra Bose on the event of his 157th Birth Anniversary!

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Crescograph was first invented by Jagdish Chandra Bose

A machine named Crescograph was invented by Jagdish Chandra Bose to order to understand how plants respond to stimuli. It was then that the truth of plants having lives as animals was discovered. He mentioned that plants can feel pain and are sensitive to touch in his books Response in the Living and Non-living in 1902 and The Nervous Mechanism of Plants in 1926.



He was the victim of Racism

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose was a victim of racism when he was a professor. At the time of British rule in India, he was appointed as professor of the Presidency College where he was paid lesser salary as compared to his British colleagues. While others used to get Rs. 300 per month, he was offered only 100. However, he was paid the entire salary later by the college besides making him permanent.



Mr. Bose had to conduct his experiments in a tiny room

This time too Jagdish Chandra Bose was subject to discrimination. The British professors had denied him access to laboratories and he had to work in a 24 square feet room, insufficient to conduct a research.



Father of Bengali Science Fiction

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose was the creator of science fiction in Bengali literature. In 1896, he wrote Niruddesher Kahini (The Story Of The Missing One) that was later expanded and added to Abyakto in 1921 with the new title Palatak Tuphan (Runaway Cyclone). Palatak Tuphan is based on his Butterfly Effect theory.



He had received the best education

Having studied in Hare School in Kolkata, he later joined the St. Xavier’s College under Calcutta University. He wanted to go to London to study medicine, which however he had to quit because of ill-health. Later he got admission in the Christ College to study Natural Science from where he had secured a Master Degree and Tripos as well!



The receiver of many awards

During his lifetime as a successful scientist he received many honours such as Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920, a Knight Bachelor in 1917, a Companion of the order of the Indian Empire in 1903, Companion of the order of Star in India in 1912, Member of Vienna Academy of Sciences in 1928 and more.


Beginning of Education

Bose had started his education in a Bengali medium school since his father wanted him to know his mother language at first before he could be admitted to English medium school.



Father of Jagdish Chandra Bose

Mr. Bhagwan Chandra Bose, father of Jagdish Chandra Bose was a Brahmo and also was the then leader of the Brahmo Samaj.



His marriage

Jagdish Chandra Bose was married to Smt. Abala Bose who was a renowned feminist and a social worker.



Influence of Jesuit Father

During Bose’s career in St.Xavier’s college, he had come in contact with Jesuit father who had significant contribution in developing Bose’s interest in Natural Science.




Crater of moon named after him

The lunar impact crater, that is located in the side of the moon that faces the Earth in the Southern Hemisphere is named Bose after him.



Research and career

Since Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose could not pursue his career in medicine, he went further with his research in NLLR (Nobel Laureate Lord Rayleigh) at Cambridge.



He was the father of Wireless Communication

Jagdish Chandra Bose is known as the father of Wireless Communication. He had invented the Mercury Coherer, a radio wave receiver that was used by Guglielmo Marconi to build the operational two-way radio.


He had the best students

He had one of the best students who were not only famous in Bengal but India. The famous scientists named Meghnad Saha and Satyendra Nath Bose are among those.



Before his demise in 1937, Jagdish Chandra Bose had set up Bose Institute of Calcutta. For his remarkable contributions, he was elected as the Fellow of Royal Society in 1920.



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